ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ
         

ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ (ISS - International Space Station)

ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ç÷Դҡҧҵ 16 »Ѱԡ, ҹҴ, , , 11 û кҫ ǺԹ 44 ǺԹ ͷйӪǹЪ ͧʶҹǡ 任Сͺѹ ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ 觻Сͺ ͧԺѵԡ÷ҧԷʵ ˭شǡ ҷ

çʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ

ѡâͧùӪǹЪ 任Сͺѹ ʶҹǡȢҴ˭ 繼ءԡ ջʺóҹ ҡش ੾Сâ ʶҹǡ ҹҹ ջʺó״ҹ 30 ੾СѺç ʶҹǡ (Mir's Space Station)

çʶҹǡȹҹҪҵԹ 觪ǹá ǧ» .. 2541 (.. 1998) ФҴ 㹻 .. 2549 (..2006) բҴǻҳ 88 (290 ص) Фҧǹաҳ 109 (356 ص) ˭ʹص硹 չ˹ѡ ͺ 473 ѹ (ҳ 1 ҹ͹) չѡԹǡ ˹ҷШ 7 ⤨ͺš¤٧ͺ 400 ⤨ͺšҳ 92 ҷ 24 Թҷյͺ · 2 3 ͧͺ ҹҧ зա 1 3 ͧͺ ҹ״

ҡ ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ͧѺûԺѵԡ÷ͧ Ԩ·ҧԷʵ 觻Ժѵԡ÷ͧ͡ 6 ǹ˭ ѧ

1. Life Sciences: 繡֡ҡþѲҡ ͧժԵ çǧ, ᵡҧҧ Եǡ, ʶҹǡ кš ͹Ӥ Ѻ Թҧ ǡ͹Ҥ
2. Earth Sciences: ͧҡǧ⤨ ͧʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ öͺ鹷 75% 鹼š ǹ 95% ö֡Ҫ鹺ҡ, ҡ, ¹ŧ, Ҿ, , Ѿҡ, Ѿҡù, дѺҤ ռŵ ֡Ҵѧ йҧἹ ռŵ͡ôçԵ ͧ캹š
3. Space Sciences: 繡֡Ҵҹǡ ੾ҧ ֡㹷ءȷҧ 㹴ҹҧ դ ǡѺǡҡ觢
4. Microgravity Sciences: 繡÷ӡ÷ͧ ɮշҧԡ Ҿçǧ Ҽŷ ᵡҧҡšҧ ҨҶ֧ä鹾 ɮ 繾鹰ҹ 㹡䢻ȹ Ѻҹǡ ͹Ҥ Ҩ ҹԡ鹰ҹ, ҹԷ, ʴ, ʵͧ, Դԡ 繵
5. Engineering Research and Technology Development: 繡ä鹤 ԨоѲ ҹǡ ෤ 㹡Ԩôҹǡ, â, çҧ, оѧҹ ʶҹǡ ҹҪҵԹ 繷Ѻ͡Ẻ ҧ ҹԧ ػóͧͷ͡Ẻ ҧ ҹҧջԷҾ ·鹷ع㹡ôԹ кاѡҵ ö Ẻҹ෤ ͹Ҥ
6. Space product development: 繡ä鹤 Ԩ оѲ ෤շ Ѻ ѲҤسҾ ͧüԵ ԧصˡš

ءԺѵԡ㹡ä鹤 Ԩ·Դ ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵԷ 繡÷ͧ çǧ ֡Ҥᵡҧ мšзԴ ҡ÷ͧ ᵡҧҡšҧ Ш繡÷ͧӹ ªҵ ҧѹ

ǹСͺҧ ͧʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ

ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ Сͺªǹѡ ѧ

Zarya Control Module: 繪ǹá ͧʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ͡Ẻ»Ѱԡ ҧ 觢ǡ » ա˹ "FGB: Function Cargo Block" ˹ҷ觡Դѧҹ Ѻʶҹ㹪ǧ չ˹ѡ 19,323 š դ 12.6 ҧ 4.1 ١͡⤨ͺš дѺ٧ 386.2 ѹ 20 Ȩԡ¹ 2541 (..1998) ·ҹ "Zarya" ¶֧ "ҷԵ" (Sunrise)

Unity Module:
繪ǹͧ ͧʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ͡Ẻ ҧ »Ѱԡ ١觢ǡ ѹ 4 ѹҤ 2541 (..1998) ͡Ѻ Zarya Module ˹ҷǹ ҧǹѡ ѺǹͧԺѵԡõҧ ժͧѺ͡Ѻ 6 ͧ (docking port) դ 5.5 鹼ҹٹҧ 4.6

Zvezda Service Module:
繪ǹ ͧʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ͡Ẻ ҧ »Ѱԡ ١觢ǡ ѹ 11 áҤ 2543 (..2000) ͡Ѻ 2 á ˹ҷкǺ,ѡ кѧҹѡ ᷹ Zarya 觨§ҧҹ ҧͧԺѵԡ Ѻѡҹ

The First Crew:
˹ҢͧѡԹǡ 3 á Ш ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ¤á 繹ѡԹǡ Ѱԡ з˹ҷ ѧѺ Bill Shepherd ǹա 2 繹ѡԹǡ Yuri Gidzenko ǡê Sergei Krikalev ͡Թҧѹ 31 Ҥ 2543 (.. 2000) áԨѡ ͡÷ͺʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ա˹ 4 ͹ (Image by: NASA)

The U.S. Destiny Laboratory Module
ͧԺѵԡ ҧԷʵͧá ͧԺѵԡٹҧ ١觢ѹ 7 Ҿѹ 2544 (..2001) ҹҡ ͡ҡͧͧ ѧ˹ҷ Ǻ 觾ѧҹ ѺͧԺѵԡա ͧԺѵԡù բҴ 8.5 鹼ҹٹҧ 4.3 ǹСͺѡ

The Second Crew:
˹ҢͧѡԹǡ شͧ Ш ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ ¤á 繹ѡԹǡ Ѱ ˹ҷ ѧѺ (Commander) Yury Usachev ǹա 2 繹ѡԹǡ Ѱԡ (Flight Engineer) James Voss (Flight Engineer) Susan Helms ͡Թҧѹ 8 չҤ 2544 (.. 2001) (Image by: NASA)

Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS):
ǹᢹ (Robotic System) ˹ҷѺСͺ, ͹, ا Ѻǹж١觢 ͹Ҥ ͡ҡ ѧѺ繵ǨѺִ ͫ ػó ᢹŹ դǶ֧ 17 ʹѺʹع ᤹Ҵ ա˹觢 ѹ 19 ¹ 2544 (..2001)



ҧԧ : http://skywatcher.hypermart.net/ISS-frame.htm

: 硪 ҹ ؾ, .ʾԷҤ, ѹ 9 ѹ¹ 2546