ԴҧԵʵؤԻѹ

            ԴҧԵʵͧؤҡŹ ¸Ի ȨͧšѧŧͻԴ ʴöͧؤ ԻѡѺ֡¹ŧҡ (papyrus) ѡٻҾʴͧҧ

            §ҧԴѧǡѺҵԶ ˹ѺͧԻѧŢӹǹ ǹ ѧŢȹѧ ҡѡҹʷ͡ ѵç Ahmes ֡ ͧǡѺٳ 1650 ͹ʵѡҪ  ֡ѧ ҧٳŢ 41 59
 

 
    41    x    59   
 
Ţ -->
1+1 -->
2+2 -->
4+4 -->
8+8 -->
16+16 -->
32+32 -->
159
2118
4236
8472
16944
321888
643776
<-- Ţͧٳ
<-- 59+59
<-- 118+118
<-- 236+236
<-- 472+472
<-- 944+944
<-- 1888+1888

            Ţ 41 ҧ 32 Ѻ 64 ѧ֧Ըźҧ ҧͧҧѹ ź Ѿź ѧ
 

     41 - 32 =   9 
       9 - 8 =   1 
       1 - 1 =   0

            ѧٳ 59 41 ֧ѡ

                                                         41 = 32 + 8 +1

            ԸǡŢͧҧ ѧ
 

159
2118
4236
8472
16944
321888
643776
Ѿ59+472+1888 = 2419

            кѺӹǹ ¹ŧҹԺ ˵¡Ѻ Ժ кŢ֧ͧŢԺ кŢҹԺؤ

            ҡšͧҾ¹ѹ 8 šͧŢҹ 8 ʴӹǹѹ

            кѺӹǹִ֧ͧԴѺҹŢҹҹ˹ ֧ؤ硷ԡ ؤҷҡ ҹؤ硷ԡͧӹdz ѡŢ дѺѭҳͧдѺ Ţ 0 1 ӹdzк֧ѡͧŢҹͧ кŢҹ֧ͧسؤͧҷӤѭ
 
ŢҹԺ 0123456789101112131415
Ţҹͧ 011011100101110111100010011010101111001101 11101111

            ѧкӹǹ֧ͧͧҵͧѺӹǹ Һҳ ºº ªԵШѹҡ ͧ֡ԵѺӹǹҧ Դش ԵͧѺŢ ѾҡءҧçԵͧѺӹǹ

            ѭѡɳӹǹ Ѳͧ Իҳ մŢ ѧ
 
ŢѨغѹ1234 5678910100
ŢԻ|||||||||||||
 ||
|||
|||
||||
 |||
||||
||||
|||
|||
|||
 
 
            Ѻѹ Ը¹Ţӹǹҧѹ ѧ

ŢѨغѹ1234 567891050100500
ŢѹIIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXLCD

            ѺչѡչŢӹǹҹ ѧ֧Ѩغѹ ҧ

ŢѨغѹ1234 56789101001000
Ţչ
 Ժ¹

             ѧࡵѧͧҵ¡ѺŢҧѹ ѡͧҧѹ Ţ ӹǹͧѹ 10000 ¡ Ժѹ 100000 ¡ ˹ѹ ҹѧչ      ѺŢ֧ѡ ʹ¡Ժ

             ͺͧŢ ѺӹǹԻ ѹѧŢٹ ѧȹ ǹѡ ѧԻҳººҴӹǹͧǹͧ ͧ֡ Ţǹ ӹǹ Ѵ§ҡҡҧ

             ѨغѹŢȹ ŢҹԺӹǹԺͧѡ ӹǹҡҡ Ҵӹǹͧѹ

101001,00010,000 1,000,0001,000,000,0001,000,000,000,000
tenhundredthousandten thousandmillionbilliontrillion

            ѺҧҹԷʵŢӹǹ

ӹǹҡ
=   103
=   106
ԡ=   109
=   1012
ӹǹŧ
=   10-3
=   10-6
=   10-9
=   10-12

               Ţӹǹ ֧ѹкѺӹǹҹԺ кȹ дǡ ºº ҧ ªҧѹ

             ¸ͧԻ֧Ѩغѹ Դ ԻǡѺԵѧ ǧԭҳѧš ѧԻ֧ѧҧ ѧȾͧԻ֧ͧӤѭ Էѡҧ ¡

             ԷҧҹԴ ӹdzѺҧԴ ѧȾͧѵ Դ§ѧȨͧš˹ ͻԴͧԫ ҧѹͧ ӹdzͧԻ˹ҡ ѡҹҡԴԫ Դ Ҵ§ 51 ͧ 51 Ժ    52 ͧ 20 Ժ 51 ͧ Ҵ§ѹ

             ҡѡҹ֡ Rhind Papyrus § ֡д ¿ ѭѭҧԵʵ 87 ѭ ҺԸӹdzŢҧ ͧԻ ԻѧŢӹǹ Դǹ ԸԴǹʹҡ

             ҵѴͧԻԵ Ǵ˹Ѵ ˹ѴԻѧ
 

cubit  ֧ͧ͡ҧ ѹ ѧ֧ҧҵҹ cubit  
             royal cubit ҳ 20.6  
             short cubit ҳ 17.72  
ա cubit ҡѺҳ 18.22  
ѹ cubit ҡѺҳ 17.47  
palm  1/7 cubit 
finger  1/4 palm ѧ 1 cubit ҡѺ 28 finger 
hayt  ҡѺ 100 cubits 
remen  ҧ˹ͧ鹷§ͧٻʷҹҹҡ 1 cubit 
khet  Ѵӹdz 1 khet ҡѺ 10000 cubit 1 setat ˹ square khet 
hekat 
 
ҵҵǧѴͧ ˹ hekat ҳ 292.24 ١ȡ 
hinu  ҳ 1/10 ͧ hekat 
khar  ҡѺ 20 hekats 

             ͧͧѺɵ ١ Թ駶蹷 ͧӹdz ¹ͧĴ ١ͧѺҳԵѺ ֧ǧ ͧҵҧ

             ͧ֡ ¨֧͡ 24 ҡѺ˹ѹ ѧĴ

             Ի Ĵ͡Ĵ ͹͡ 12 ͹ ͹ 30 ѹ ͹˹ҡѺ 35 ѹ ˹ͧԻҡ 365 ѹ ͺҡѺعͧšͺǧҷԵ ԻĴ 3 Ĵ Ĵҹ (sowing)  ĴԭԺ (growing)  Ĵ (harvest)

             Եͧءҵ¡Ѻ˹ҳ ҵѴҧѹ͡

             ¡ѺҵѴҧẺ ׺ ͡ ͹ ˹Ѵ  ҹ ҧ˹Ѵҵͧѧ ¹

             ҵ ֧ҵҹҳͧͧ ˹Թ ˹ԵШѹҧ ҧѹ Ҥѹҧ š¹ ԹԵͧҵҹҧ ˹ѴҧѺѹš

             ˹Ѵҡͧͧ ѹ ҧ ҵ ˹ѡ ҵҹҧҧԴѺѲ෤ ˹Ѵҳ Ѵѧҹ


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