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㹻 .. 2473 W. Pauli ѡԡʏ ٌԪԵҧҢҿԡʏШ һ .. 2488 䴌ҹNj ͧҵءѹѧҧԴ ͹ҤԴ˹ٌѡҡ͹ʹ ش͡Ҵ Pauli ¡͹ҤԴNj ǵ (neutrino) ѵͧǵ Ш ѹö͹䴌¤٧ͺ෋Ҥʧ ͡ҡѹѧ· һԡ ÏѺ͹Ҥ ઋ ҡһņ¹ǵ˹Ōҹˌ؋ҹἋС˹෋š §෋ҹһԡҡѺͧС ໚ઋ֧໚š ѡ ԡʏͧ㪌 ʹҹ֧ 26 ֧ѡѺ͹Ҥǵҹͧ ˌءNj ͹Ҥǵԧҵ ˌ F. Reines ˋԷ California Irvine Ѱԡ䴌Ѻ˹ͧҧҢҿԡʏШ һ .. 2538
ѹѡԡʏٌNjҸҵǵ 3 Դ ҧԴԴǧҷԵ ҡԡ Njҧе ͧਹ໚ ᵋ ҹǹ͹ҤǵԴҡԡѧŋǹ ѡ ͧǨNjըҹǹ¡Njҷѡɮդҹdznj֧ 66 Ï繵 ໚ઋ ԡĵó Ҩ֧Դѹ
ѹ 11 Ȩ¹ .. 2538 䴌Ըແˌͧͧ Super Kamiokande Ť 25,000 Ōҹҷ ͧ Сˋ˹ًˋҧҡاҧѹ 300 ˌͧͧ ً㵌ԹдѺ֡ 1 ˌͧѧèع һҵ 50,000 ١ȡ dzͺ ѧ ó硷ԡʏ໚ʹ photomultiplier ҹǹ 11,200 ʹ§ͺ 觷 ˹ҷǨ Ѻʧnj͡͹ҤǵҡǧҷԵ؋ õ͹ͧ ѧ ѡԡʏԴNjҼ ͧͺҶҤѭش Ҷ˹ͧԡʏ䴌NjҨѡ ͧش
ᵋҡ Super Kamiokande ǨNj͹Ҥǵչ˹ѡ ͹Ҥǵ ҹǹ 10 87 ѡ ˹ѡ§ Ѻ֧ٴѹŌǷ ˌѡش ͹ѧͧͧ؆ Ҵ˭NjҶѧͧԡ 7 ෋ ֧໚ ҴԴѧNj ǡѺ͹ҤǵNjࡋ Ҩԡǵ䴌֧ 30 ԡҵѹ ҡ§ 1 ԡ 3 ѹ
Super Kamiokande §ᵋǨ֡͹Ҥǵ෋ҹ ѡԡʏ؆؋˹ ѹ Ǩͧ͹Ҥõ͹ ɮտԡʏѹ ҹNjõ͹Ҿʶ ѹѹ ҡ Super Kamiokande ǨNjҾ໚ԧõ͹ Nj ѹ˹觢ҧ˹͹Ҥ⾌ѡͧǴ ɮտԡʏѹ (ҧɮ) ͧŌѧ ŌҧÌҧѹ
ҹÌҧóͧͧˌͧͧ䴌ŋǧŌ ԹÌҧ 25,000 ŌҹҷŌ ѡͧҪԡҼٌ᷹ɮͧ؆ ŌǷѡԡʏ؆ѡҾù šҹԡʏͧǵ ᵋŋҹѡԡʏǭ؆ٌNjҹ෋ҹͧ
ѹʵ () Ҥѭ Ѻҡ ʹѹ ͹Ҥ ҤѭѺҡ ŋҹѡԡʏ ʹҡѹѺ

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ʶҺѹ͹Էʵ෤ (Ƿ.)