äʹաԴҨҡ˹?

ѡԨԡѹѡҹͪ-1 ԴäʹԴҡԧ

äʹäԴҡി¹ (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) ¡ ͪ (HIV) ѹ ѹѡͪ-1 (HIV-1) кҴᶺ Ѱԡ û Ϳҡҧ ѹͪ-2 (HIV-2) кҴͿѹ ͡ҡѧѹ աҡ ͧҡʹöѹ ֧ѹ Դҡ

Һäʹҡ˹кҴ ᡵѹɰҹѹäʹ ҡԧջͿ ֧Դҡԧ Ѳҡѹѹ

˵ѹɰҹѹͪԴҡԧԧԧäʹ͹ѹ Դäʹԧ͹ѺԴäʹ ѡԷʵԴäʹ ԧ¹ി¹ (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, simian ԧ) ¡ (SIV) ͪաѺѹ ֧ѹ ҵѹ ѧѡԷʵ ֧ѹɰҹաѺͪͧѹ Դäʹԧáѹ ͪ ԴҡջͿ Ϳҧͧ Ѻзҹԧ ѹɰҹҡػԧͧѡҹʹѺʹع

ͧҡáѹͧҡԴ˹աԴ˹ͧ ѹ ͧҹ ѹҧغѺ ѧѡҹʹѺʹعͪѹҡѡɳ ѹӡѹҧաѺͪͧ ѧʹҹ ѡԷʵ֧ ѡɳҧѹӡѹѧѡҹ׹ѹԴ¾ѹԧ

ЪҧԪͧմäԴá͹ 5 Ѵ .. 1988 ѧ ѡԷʵʹҹԨǡѺǨäʹѹҴʵ ٹ˹ ͪѹҴѡɳӡҧʹԧ () ) ҹ ԨѡҹӤѭ˹ʴͪѲҡ

ЪҧԪͧäԴá͹ 6 Ѵ . յԫ ԷͧѰ (University of Alabama) Ѱԡ ʹҹԨ٨ áͪ-1 ҡ

. ŧЪҧʹԧ˹չ .. 1984 չԧͧͧٹԨǡѺ (ѵ§١٧ԸԵ ҧԷҵ ԧѴ) ͧͧѾҡԡѹ չ ҧʹ Ǩʹö͡෤ԤǨʹؤѧ˹ѴѺѨغѹ . ҧʹա֧ʹͧչѹҴѡɳ ѹӡҧ ͪ-1 ֧ (SIV cpz) cpz ֧ԧͧ

͡ҡ ҹ ѧҹǡѺѡɳҧѹӡҧաѺͪ-1 ҡҧʹͧԧա 3 3 ͹˹ѡɳҧѹ§ҧͪ-1 ҡ ǹҡԧչѡɳ§ҧҡ

. ֧ػäʹͪ-1 Դҡԧѡҹ ѡɳӡҧաѺͪ-1 ҧҧͧѲҡ

. ѧա ҡҵͧͿԴѺԧѺзҹͧѹ ѧ֧ҨͪѺҹ ٴ äʹѹҹ Ҩ (鹡Ѻѹɰҹ äʹԹ 50 ͧ) Ѻзҹ ԧԹٹ ǷšԹ ͹ԹԴ ä֧͡ š͡ ѧʧš 2 ͹Ъ äʹ֧кҴ͡ҡԹջ Шš ҧ ѹɰҹѧ٨

ͪ-1 ҡԧԴӤѭ ԧѺ ѺӤѭ ԧչ֧ 98 ʹҡͪ (ʹҡ ) ѧӤѭ֧ͪԧԴä Ѻ ظԴ Ѻäʹ ҡͧкѹԧѲҡͧͪҡԧ ͧ

Ѻͪ-2 ҺԴҡԧԴ˹¡ҫٵ (sooty mangabey)


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