ȢͧС

С (Carica papaya L.) ת§Ѵǧ Caricaceae ת͹ͧջԡ ѹš ö Ժء Сاظ

С ת (polygamous) ҧ ͡ ҧմ͡͡ ҧ մ͡͡ó (perfect flower) ѹ١ѹҡѹ öͧ (self pollination) ͡ѹ öѹѵ͡մ͡մ͡Ѵǹ 2 : 1 մ͡ٻҧ ҧ

ѹʵͧС
ͧСǺչ 3 Դ Mh, Mm m չ Mh Mm չ ǹչ m չ ѡɳѹʴ͡ ¡ ䷻ (phenotype) ǹѡɳͧչǺ ¡ ䷻ (genotype) С 3 Ẻ տ䷻Ш䷻ ѧ

Mm/m
m/m
Mh/m

Ѻ䫡չ Mm/Mm , Mh/Mh 䫡չչ Mm/Mh ֧͹

Сѧǹͧ ѺѹءǺͧСٻҧͧҡ ٻҧ͹ҧǹٻҧ ѹСѡѹ ѹ ѹѹ

ʴ͡ǡѺ (sex expression) ͡ҡչǺͧС Ǵѡʴ͡ǡѺ س ҳͧ سǧҧѹǧҧ׹ҧѹҡ ҨԴ͡ ٧ ҡ ҡǧҴ͡ѧԭ ҨԴ͡·ҹѺͧó ԴѺѧѧ ֧ѡѡԴ

Ѻ͡« ѡԪѡɳͧ͡ҡ ҧѡɳʹ٧Ѻͧóͧ ѡɳҵԴ (cross pollination) ҧѡɳ Ѻͧó٧ʹͧ ǹͧѺ ŧǡ ֧Ѻ١

Ѻ٭ѹ ԵءԴͧѺѺҾ Ǵ ֧Եʹ ׺ѹ Դ١ҹçѡѹͧ Ѻ֧дѺͧչ ҡ֡ѹͧС ҺҨ䷻ҧҧҨç վ Mh/Mh , Mm/Mm Mm/Mh Сը䷻ҧöç Mh/m , Mm/m m/m

ѹǡѺاѹС Ѻاѹ СҨѹ ҵ ͧ ͧٻҧͧ С תäúǹҡ äشǧǹԴҡѨغѹ֧Ҿѹǡ (genetic engineering) ѴչҧѹҹҹäѧҡҧԪҧԪɵáѺԷ ѧ ѾԹҧѭ ͧԷѵչ (gene patent) ѭª
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