ҡö

            Ǵҹ˹ҧ ѧҹͧѹູԹ (Benzine = C6H6) ѹͧ¹ ö¹ ͧԹ ö䫴 ö   ѹ ҫҧ Դ͡ҧ ҡѵ٧ѹѺ˹ ҧ ö¹ ԴҡѹӤѭ Ǻҡ اö¹ء ö¹ ҤѨѹӤѭͧ

            ѹͧöѹູԹ ش͡ ҫҧ ʹ¡͡ѧ

         Сͺ

ٻèҨ


            ǹѹͧöѹСͺ ѹѺͧöѹູԹ ǹСͺҧѹ

          ͧöСͺ

  • (Vapour)
  • ͹͹͡䫴 (CO) ਹ͡ (N2O)
  • ä͹ (Hydrocar)
  • ͡䫴 (Sulfurdioxide)
  • ǡŴδ (Aldehyde)
  • ͡ਹ (Oxygen)
  • ਹ (Hydrogen)
  • ਹ (Nitrogrn)
ҢͧöСͺ
ѹҡҫ͡ҡö¹

        ʧاٴҫ    ѹ    ͧͧö¹ çҹصˡ ءѹѹ ѧСͺáԨҹҧáآ վ ҫ ѧ֡ǡѺҫ Դŧѹ

        1.  ҫ͹͹͡  (Carbon  monoxide)
              Դҡͧѹԧͧ¹ٳö¹ҫ͡ҧ ҫҡӹǹҡ ҨѺٴҫҧ ͡ѺԹ (Haemogobin) ¡ Hb ˹ʹ͡źԹ (Carboxy haemoglobin) ҧͧͧ͡ǡѺԹ͡Թ (Oxyhaemoglobin) ¹ HbO2 ʹ HbO١ѧҧ ҧ HbO2 Ѻ͡
            ǡѺԹ ͡ਹ 4 ҳͧҫ ҧԴѺԵ ͡Ѻҫ͡ ҫҡ 25 ǹ ҡҹǹ ҫԵ ͡ Թ § 4%  ҧ֧ 4% ٴҫ֧ 4% ҧ ѡٺҧҫҧ 4% ҡٺѴѹ ֧Ѻҫҡ ҧҫ 4% Ѻ͡дѺ 4% (ٺٺҡִѴ¹ Ǵ ͹ Ե¹ٻ Ҵ͡ਹ ֧ԧ¹ ͹ ͧѺ͡ਹͧ ѧ֧ٺö çҾ¹ ҡǨ ͧ¹ѹԧ 1 ͹ ҳ 3 ͹ ش͡

ҴѵԴ

          .   ͧҡ͡

                    1.  ͧҡ͡ҫ 100 ǹҹ Դҡ ҧѺҹ֧ 8
                    2.  Ѻ 500 ǹҹǹ 1 ҹ ҡ ҧҡֹѴ
                    3.  ҴԹ 1,000 ǹ ҹǹѺʵ к ѺԹ 1 ֧

          .   ͧҫҧ (Carboxyhaemoglobin)

                    1.  Ե͡Թ 20 - 30% Դҡʺ дǡ ҡǴ
                    2.  ͡Թ 30 - 50% ԴҡǴҧعç ԵѺʹ ԧ¹ ͧԹŧ ˧ش˧Դ ˹͡
                    3.   ͡Թ 50 - 60% ҳ 375 ǹҹ Ҩ֡Ҩ֧ Ѻҹ
                    4.   ͡Թ 80% ҳ 500 ǹҹ Ҩѹѹ

                    Ҵѵ˹ҧ Ҵ٧ҡ Դѹ ѧ֧˹Ҵѵ ʹͧЪѡ

ö¹ǧҫҡش ѧ

                    1.    ö¹ͧ ǧ͹͹͡䫴ҡش öШҧ ö÷ء ÷ء˹ѡҡԹ
                    2.    ö¹ູͧԹǧ͹͹͡䫴ҡش öҧͧʹԴͧöԴ
                    3.    ö¹ѹǧ͹͹͡䫴ҡش ͧ ÷ء˹ѡʹѭҳ

                    ҫ͹͹͡آҾͧاشŧشԹҵҹ ٴءѹ Դ ֡Ǵ Եʺ ͹ ع ø اآҾͧҡ  ҫѺҴѹѹ ѺѹӤѭҹѹҡ ѺѹӤѭҹѹҡ ѺѹӤѭҹѹҡ ö¹ ö¹ ҡ ֡ҹͧҡ ҡдǡ ѹҡѺҧ

      2.  СͺͧС (Tetraethyl Lead)
                ٵ Pb(C2H5)4 ԵѹСͺͧСѧͷŵ (Tetraethyl Lead) ͧŧѹູԹѹ (Ѻͧ¹) ͡෹٧ (Octane bumber) ٧ ͧѹͧ¹ Դѡеء (Antiknock Additive Substance) ͧҡͧͧ¹ ٳСͺͧСش͡ ǡСҡʡá Шҡdz ӹǹö¹ͧاͧ˭ ӹǹҡ СͺͧСҡҹѹ ʶԵѹູԹС 0.7 Ե ѧҡͧ¹Сҳ 0.4 Ե ١͡ѧǴҧö¹ 2520 ѧѹູԹҳ 1,600 ҹԵͻ 60% ͧӹǹ ǹا
йСҳ 38,400 š ҳ 105.2 šѹ ش͡Ǵ ѺʶԵ 2522 ѹ 13,600 ҹԵ Сش͡ҡ С ҧǹ١͡Ǵاҧǹҧͧͧǧҧ ǹҧͧŧѺ ˹ҧdzҧ Сǹŧͧ кǴҧ
                ѹͧС ١ҧŧͧ ŧ ѵ ѺСҧ ԹѵǡѺѹҡͧС ѵСҡ ҧ ͺѺзҹͧ
ٻѹö
ͧСҧͧҧ

        ͧСآҾѴҡ ͹Ѻ ˹ѡŴ ͧ١ ¹ Ǵ ͹ ˧͡մ Եҧ ԡ ͧ Ǵ ѹآҾͧԵ֧ ͡ҡСѧд١ Сѡɳö͹ͧ
        дѺͧСʹ 0.08 ԡ / 100 ի.. ԹдѺѹ ҡ֡дѺСʹͧӹǹ 69 dzҡӺҧ 0.15 - 5.40 ǹ ҹǹ 1.28 ǹҹǹ §ҵҹ 1.20 ǹҹǹ Сʹ 0.5 ǹҹǹ 29 ͧӹǹ ҨԨóдѺͧСʹҴ 1.5 ǹҹǹ ҹҧҨҡԴҡС

            3.  ҫ͡䫴 (Sulfurdioxide , SO2)
         ҫ кҧԹ ١ ѡʺ Фͧ ͧҡѹԧö¹жѹ Դٳҫжѹ Դٳҫжѹش͡ҧö¹ ѧçѹͧӨѴжѹѹԺ͡ҡشҡ ҫѹآҾҡ ҫ͹͹͡ԴФͧк ѵäкҧԹǹѵ٧ ٴ Դʹѡʺѧ ҡԴ˴ԴҧԹѹ ӤѭشѹʹäǡѺҧԹ ҡҡ Ѻ͡䫴 Ҵ 0.25 ١ȡع) ҧ͡˵˹ͧäͺ״ ҫ˹§


: Ǻҡ ʵҨ ᾷ .ԨԵ س˵ ,ԵǴ